We were very lucky today to have the opportunity to go and visit the Ring of Brodgar, and the Ness dig before it was closed up and covered over for the winter. The Rangers Sandra and Elaine gave us a tour of the 5 thousand year old site and explained what we know about the henge and the area around surrounding it.
Nobody knows for certain what the Ring was used for...
|Arriving at the World Heritage Site and thinking about how important it is.|
P6 at the Ring of Brodgar
When we got to the Ring of Brodgar and the Ranger split us into groups so the p7 went inside the Ring of Brodgar and our class went on the outside of the Ring of Brodgar. Our class agreed that it looks bigger from the outside than the inside. Then we went on the inside and we got told a interesting story it was a cold winters evening and there was some giants waking about and there was one giant behind the other giants and he opened his coat a took out his fiddle and started playing his fiddle and they all started dancing for so long that the sun came up and they turned into stone. Tyler and William
|The ditch has survived 5 thousand years without filling in or being eroded by farming - |
it was cut out of stone by the builders using stone and bone tools.
|At the entrance to the ring, you have to cross a causeway to reach the stone ring.|
|The stones that make up the ring come from different parts of Orkney. |
They are placed so that they stand in front of the direction they have come from.
There were about 60 stones, but the ring might not have been finished.
|Some of the stones have been damaged.This one was struck by lightning and split into two. |
The stones may have been moved on rollers lubricated by seaweed.
The stones have always been standing since they were put up.
|Having lunch at the 'comet' stone.|
|Archaeologists can use a modern skeleton to try to match the bits of bone they find.|
When we were on the trip to the Ness of Brodgar we saw the replicas table. There was a fur coat and there was weapons made of stone and bone. There were necklaces made of bones and string. We shared the weapons and the fur coat. A boy in our class got to try it out first. We made some sparks with a replica of something that looked like a bow and arrow. We also saw a flint knife and one of the men on the site can make them. We saw replicas of pots that they had made back in the stone age. Sandra the guide showed us the replicas she was very good at explaining what the artefacts were used for. Sandra told us that they were replicas and said that they had found a unidentified object it was like a boulder with ruff edges. There was deer antler on the wooden stick. Sandra told us that they don’t know what all the artefacts were used for. We were very surprised that they were made of plastic and that they were not the real ones. Were learned lots of things about the stone age. We all really enjoyed the trip and we can’t wait to learn more.
|Imagine chipping away at the stone ditch with just an antler!|
|We tried to make fire with a bow drill.|
At the Ness of Brodgar we got the opportunity to do bronzes age stone art. Frist we got a piece of flint and a flat stone, we used the stone and flint to scrap patterns from the bronze age. The most popular was the Brodgar butterfly. Then we used different coloured pigments to decorate our patterns on our stones.
We all had so much fun doing our stone art and hope we can do it again soon.
By Erin and Caitlin
|We decorated some stones with charcoal and pigments.|
|Some of the stones uncovered in the dig have had decoration and even colour on the surface.|
When we went to the Ness of Brodgar we went on a tour around the site. Dan up on the balcony so we could see the site it was amazing Dan told us lots about the site. All the buildings had numbers so they could tell them apart. It was amazing to see that the walls were still standing very well. Dan told us that people had built houses on top of other houses so the ground was all bumpy they would get a lot of stubbed toes. Dan said that in one of the houses there was five fire places.
|Dan Lee explained how archaeologists have carefully uncovered what we could see and how far the buildings might extend below the surface of the ground we can see. Nobody knew that all of this archaeology was here a few years ago!|
|We met Neil Oliver who was visiting the site to make a TV programme.|
|Dan showed us some of the finds that have been found at the Ness dig. |
We can work out what some of them were used for by the marks and worn areas. Other stones had unusual marks, we can only guess what they might have been used for.
|Some of the finds were very special like this flint fossil of a sea urchin which has been polished. |
A very unusual and mysterious object!
Next week we are going to continue our project. We will write our own text for this blog post and in the comments below, and are looking forward to seeing Sandra and Dan again back at school.
We will publish more posts on this blog as our project develops - please write your comments below and sign off with your name if you use the 'anonymous' option. Thank you.